The Cooperation Agreement
18 december 2020
Tif Agreement Illinois
18 december 2020

The leaders of the “Big Four” of the victorious Western nations – Wilson of the United States, David Lloyd George of the United Kingdom, Georges Clemenceau of France and, to a lesser extent, Vittorio Orlando of Italy – dominated the peace negotiations in Paris. Germany and the other defeated powers, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and Turkey were not represented at the conference; Russia was also not one of the allies until 1917, when the country`s new Bolshevik government made a separate peace with Germany and withdrew from the conflict. The Treaty of Versailles was the most important of the peace treaties that ended the First World War. The treaty ended the state of war between Germany and the allied powers. It was signed at Versailles on June 6, 1919, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke François-Ferdinand, who had led directly to the war. The other German powerhouses have signed separate contracts. [i] Although the ceasefire signed on 11 November 1918 ended the fighting, it took six months of allied negotiations at the Paris peace conference to conclude the peace treaty. The treaty was registered on October 21, 1919 by the secretariat of the League of Nations. The Treaty of Versaille was an important step in the status of the British Dominions under international law. Australia, Canada, New Zealand and South Africa made significant contributions to the British war effort, but as separate countries and not as British colonies. India also made a significant contribution to the troops, although, unlike the Dominions, it was placed under direct control of the United Kingdom. The four Dominions and India signed the treaty separately from Great Britain, [n.

2] a clear recognition of the international community that the Dominions were no longer British colonies. “Their status opposed the detailed analysis of international and constitutional jurists, but it was clear that they were no longer only considered colonies of Great Britain.” [75] By the individual signing of the treaty, the four Dominions and India were also founding members of the League of Nations and not only within the framework of the British Empire. The British historian of modern Germany, Richard J. Evans, wrote that during the war, the German right had embarked on an annexation programme aimed at Germany annexing most of Europe and Africa. Therefore, any peace treaty that did not leave Germany as a conqueror would be unacceptable to them. [163] Without allowing Germany to retain all the conquests of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, Evans argued that nothing could have been done to convince German law to accept Versailles. [163] Evans also pointed out that the parties of the Weimar coalition, namely the German Social Democratic Party (SPD), the German Social Liberal Democratic Party (DDP) and the Christian Democratic Centrism party, are all opposed to Versailles in the same way, and it is wrong to say that some historians claim that resistance to Versailles is also similar to that of the opposition to the Weimar Republic. [163] Finally, Evans argued that it was wrong that Versailles caused the premature end of the Republic, claiming instead that it was the Great Depression of the early 1930s that had put an end to German democracy.

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