The misleading name of the contract was introduced by former Chancellor Otto von Bismarck, who was preparing to attack his despised successor, Caprivi, to conclude an agreement reached by Bismarck himself during his management. However, Bismarck`s nomenclature implied that Germany had traded an African empire for a small Helgoland (pants for button).  This was taken with zeal by imperialists who complained of “treason” against German interests. Carl Peters and Alfred Hugenberg advocated the creation of the All-German Association, which took place in 1891.  The Helgoland-Zanzibar Treaty (German: Helgoland-Zanzibar Treaty, also known as the 1890 Anglo-German Agreement) was an agreement signed on 1 July 1890 between the German Empire and Great Britain. Have Turkey and the Netherlands so far complied with the Brussels law? In response to a question from Mr. O`KELLY (Roscommon) about U.S. liability, the agreement gave Germany control of the Caprivi Band (a headband that gave access to the Zambezi River, the strategically located island of Helgoland in the North Sea, and central East Africa (Tanganyika). In return, Germany recognized British authority in Zanzibar.
Helgoland was needed to control the new North-Baltic Canal and access to German North Sea ports. Britain used Zanzibar as a key member of British control over East Africa.  I believe the Member will recognise that this will be replaced by the Brussels act. The treaty aimed at German Chancellor Leo von Caprivi`s objectives of reaching an agreement with the British. After the Berlin Conference of 1884, Germany had lost at this stage of the “Scramble for Africa”: the German East African company, led by Carl Peters, had acquired a strip of land on the tanganjik coast (which led to the Abushiri revolt of 1888), but never had control of the islands of the Sultanate of Zanzibar; the Germans did not give any vital interest. In return, they acquired Helgoland, strategically placed for control of the German bay, which became indispensable for Emperor William II with the construction of the North Sea and Baltic Canal from 1887. Wilhelm`s naval policy broke an agreement with the British and eventually led to a rapprochement between Britain and France, sealed in 1904 with the Cordial Agreement. Can I ask whether the assertion that “trade is protected from any different treatment” means that British German products will not be subject to higher tariffs if the mainland of the Sultanate of Zanzibar is ceded to Germany? Germany received the Helgoland Islands in the North Sea, originally part of the Danish Holstein-Gottorp, but since 1814 a British property, the Caprivi Band in present-day Namibia, and carte blanche to control and acquire the coast of Dar es Salaam, which was to form the nucleus of East Africa of Germany (later Tanganjika, now mainland part of Tanzania).  . I ask the Secretary of State of the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs in 1531 to ask what are the parts of the German sphere of influence in Africa within the meaning of Article VIII. of the Anglo-German agreement, in which the German government commits, under this article, to the free trade provisions of the Berlin Act of 1885? This authorization is not granted by the article.