This happened after Kiir announced his transitional government in March 2020. The losers returned to battle; the winners used their positions to plunder and punish their enemies. The war continued, except this time it was called peace. “Today we have reached a peace agreement. We`re happy. We have completed the mission,” said Tut Gatluak, head of south Sudan`s mediation team, shortly before the signing of the agreement, which was reached a year after the start of peace talks. The Sudanese government and rebel groups reached a peace deal on Saturday aimed at ending decades of war that have left hundreds of thousands dead. The Sudanese peace process consists of meetings, written agreements and actions to resolve the war in Darfur, the Sudanese conflict in South Kordofan and blue nile (both zones) and armed conflicts in central, northern and eastern Sudan.  The SRF includes rebel groups from the war-torn western Darfur region, as well as the southern states of Blue Nile and South Kordofan.
A final agreement on the East Line was reached on 21 February 2020. The terms of the agreement implied an increased representation of South Sudan in federal government structures; creating a locally funded reconstruction fund; and the creation of an internationally funded private bank in East Sudan to support political, educational, health and other structures.  Two other established rebel groups have not signed, reflecting the challenges the peace process still faces. Armed clashes between state security forces and the Sudanese liberation/army movement (al-Nur); SLM-al-Nur). In November 2019[update], the SLM (al-Nur) refused to join the peace process in Juba.  Since independence in 1956, several civil wars have raged, including the 1983-2005 war that led to the secession of the South. After the 18 October meetings, Tut Galwak said Sudan, South Sudan and other African countries were committed to ending “all forms of war” in Africa by the end of 2020.  After signing the Juba peace agreement on 31 August, Sudan is looking to a better future, an important first step in bringing peace to conflict zones and laying the foundations for democratic transition and economic reforms throughout the country. According to a special representative of the UN Secretary-General, progress in implementing the South Sudan peace agreement has been halted in part because of the coronavirus pandemic. In a statement upon his arrival, Hamdok said that “peace will open a wide horizon for development, progress and prosperity.” CAIRO – Leaders of Sudan`s interim government and a number of rebel groups signed a peace agreement Saturday in Juba, South Sudan`s capital, that observers hope will end nearly two decades of conflict in war-torn areas, including Darfur. Achieving a comprehensive peace also means attracting other armed movements, particularly those led by Abdel Aziz Al Hilu and Abdel Wahid Al Nur, both of which have large areas, troops and support (in both areas and Darfur respectively).
Negotiations in Juba with Abdel Aziz stalled because of his demands for a secular state or, if not, the right to self-determination, but he agreed with Prime Minister Hamdok on the way forward. On 26 January, Shamseldin Kabashi of the Sovereignty Council and Dahab Ibrahim of the Kush movement signed a “definitive” peace agreement for the Northern Railway, including studies for new dams, compensation for people displaced by existing dams, road construction and the burial of electronic and nuclear waste.  A peace agreement was signed in September.